A team of Portuguese researchers have compared 27 programming languages by their energy use. They compared both CPU and DRAM energy usage with total time of execution and memory usage to build a fuller picture of efficiency.
Unsurprisingly compiled languages such as C and C++ perform best or near the top. Their modern successor Rust also does well.
Golang uses more CPU, but is still relatively lean. It’s especially impressive with memory usage, using even less than C or C++.
Swift and C# are not standouts, but both do very well both with energy and memory use. This contrasts with Java, which is faster and uses less energy, but has over twice the memory usage of these two.
Ruby and Erlang are both at the high end for energy use and CPU time. This could be because many of what were benchmarked were computationally intensive algorithms, which if you are building web applications you may not be writing many of yourself. However, many of the underlying libraries may still exhibit this sort of performance and energy profile.
All in all, I think it’s an interesting comparison, and I think it’s great to be putting a focus on energy usage as an important metric — it is something to be mindful of for both code running on servers in the cloud, and code on users devices.
The benefits of components have been realized with systems such as React and VueJS. Styling these components has a number of approaches, from CSS classes written in SCSS, inline styles, and dynamically generated stylesheets via something like emotion.
Each styling approach has trade-offs in regards to reusability, performance, and developer experience. Also, special considerations often have to be made when doing server-side rendering.
In this post, we’ll explore TypeScript combined with functional CSS. I believe it offers big benefits over the other choices — it’s extremely reusable, fast, and offers a very pleasant developer experience.
In the world of the web, what is a web app and what is a website is now often blended. It’s not as simple as written content is a website, and an interactive tool is a web app. Blogs can be interactive, they can provide tools, live searching, etc.
This is a high level overview of what fits where, of which rules apply to what elements. It’s mainly for myself to help me develop tools.